Steps to configure Selenium WebDriver with java to develop test scripts

Pre-conditions: We need below files

Step 1: Download and Install JDK 8

Follow below URL

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Select Accept License Agreement radio button

Java SE Development Kit 8

Choose version to download: Windows 86 or x64 based on your OS (jdk-8-windows-i586.exe and jdk-8-windows-x64.exe)

  • wait until complete download.
  • copy downloaded file and paste in personal folder.
  • click on setup to start installation.
  • click on next until installation will go to end
  • click on close.
  • Restart Computer.

Note :

After completion of JDK installation tester can create environment variable for JAVA_HOME in your windows system by following below navigation.

  • Click on start
  • Right click on my computer
  • Click on properties
  • Click on Advanced system setting
  • Select Advanced tab
  • Click on Environment variable button
  • Go to user variables
  • click on New button
  • Type JAVA_HOME and provide path of JDK folder
  • click on ok

Follow below image

Environment variable button

  • Go to system variable
  • Select path
  • click on Edit button
  • Add path of JDK bin folder followed by semicolon(😉 at the end of existing path value
  • Click on ok
  • Click on ok

Follow below image

Environment variables

How to verify java successfully installed or not into your local system

  • Open the command prompt.
  • Run command “java -version”

 

It should show your installed java version detail as shown in above image. That means java is installed successfully into your local system and you are ready to use it.

Step 2: Download and launch Eclipse IDE

  1. IDE stands for Intigrated Development Environment. Eclipse Ide is useful to write our test scripts in java or java based tools like selenium.
  1. We need to follow below URL to download and launch Eclipse Ide

 

http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/packages/release/Mars/2

Eclipse Mars 2 Packages

 

Download the Eclipse Mars, you can choose version Windows 32 bit or 64 bit based on your OS

  • wait until complete download.
  • copy downloaded file and paste into personal folder and extract
  • click on Eclipse folder
  • Here click on ‘eclipse.exe’ file directly. Here no need to install eclipse into your local system.

Step 3: Download Selenium WebDriver Jar Files.

After completion of eclipse Ide launching with the creation of project, package, and class with main(), we need to download selenium webdriver jar file.

Follow the below steps :

  • Go to google search
  • Enter seleniumhq then search it
  • Click on first link(https://www.seleniumhq.org/download/)
  • Click on download
  • Scroll to Selenium Client & WebDriver Language Bindings
  • Click on download for java based selenium webdriver

Selenium Client & WebDriver Language Bindings

  • wait until complete download.
  • copy downloaded jar file and paste into personal folder and extract

Step 4: Associate selenium webdriver with eclipse Ide.

  • click on ‘eclipse.exe’ to start eclipse
  • First time when you start eclipse software application, it will ask you to select your workspace where your work will be stored as shown in bellow image.

Workspace Launcher

Choose a workspace folder name as D:\workspace and click on ok button .Here You can change the workspace location from ‘Switch Workspace’ under ‘file’ menu of eclipse.

Create new project

  • Go to File
  • New
  • Go to Java Project and give your project name ‘SeleniumProject’
  • Click on finish button.

Create new package

  • Right click on source folder(src)
  • New
  • Package
  • give the package name ‘SeleniumTests’
  • Click on finish button.

Create New Class

  • Right click on package ‘SeleniumTests’
  • New Class
  • give the class name ‘myTestLogin’
  • click on Finish button.

Add external jars for that project

  • Right click on project ‘SeleniumProject’
  • go to Java build path
  • configure build path
  • >select Libraries
  • Click on add external JARs button
  • Then go your jar file folder path location
  • select both .jar files from D:\selenium-java 3.12.0.
  • click on open button
  • Click on add external JARs button
  • Then go your jar file folder path location
  • select all .jar files from D:\selenium-java 3.11.0\libs
  • click on open button
  • click on ok button

Steps to Download and Install firebug Add-on.

Follow my below url to install Fire Bug

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/firebug/

Click on Add to Firefox button

Click on Install button

After install FireBug then go to

Tools > Web Developer > Firebug > Open Firebug (or)you can use shortcut key ‘F12’

 

After open the firebug. Right-click on field or element in your application then click on inspect element with firebug option.

In html code take either id(or)name(or)className etc. from highlighted section.

See below image

Hospital Management System

Note: Here no need to restart your Firefox after installing Firebug Add-On

Steps to Download and Install firepath Add-on.

Follow my below url to install Firepath add-on

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/firepath/

Click on Add to Firefox button

FirePath By pierre Tholence

Click on Install button

Click on Restart Now

After install firepath then go to

Tools > Web Developer > Firebug > Open Firebug (or)you can use shortcut key ‘F12’

You could find ‘FirePath’ as shown below image

 

Selenium WebDriver First Program :

TestSteps:

  • Open the firefox browser
  • Navigate the application url
  • Get the Title of the WebPage
  • Print the title of the webpage
  • Verify Title of the WebPage
  • Enter the username
  • Enter the password
  • Clicking On Login Button
  • Identify and get the Dashboard Text
  • Print the Dashboard Text
  • To verify whether the welcome page successfully opened or not
  • Clicking On Logout Button
  • Close the current Firefox Browser

Selenium Code :

package seleniumProject;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class SampleClass {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Interrupted Exception {

// open the firefox browser

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

// navigate the application url

driver.get(“http://www.kosmiktechnologies.com/se leniumLiveProject/eKart/admin/”);

//Get the Title of the WebPage

String title=driver.getTitle();

//print the title of the webpage

System.out.println(title);

//Verify Title of the WebPage

if (title.equals(“Administration”))

{

System.out.println(“title verifiedsuccessfully”);

} else {

System.out.println(“title not verified successfully”);

}

// Enter the username

driver.findElement(By.name(“username”)).sendKeys (“Kadmin”);

// Enter the password

driver.findElement(By.name(“password”)).sendKeys (“K@admin”);

// Clicking On Login Button

driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=’content’]/ div/div/div/div/div[2]/form/div[3]/button”)).cli ck();

// Identify and get the Dashboard Text

String text = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=’content’]/div[1]/div/h1”)).getText();

// Print the Dashboard Text

System.out.println(text);

// To verify whether the welcome page successfully opened or not

if (text.equals(“Dashboard”))

{

System.out.println(“Welcome pageverified successfully”);

} else {

System.out.println(“Welcome page not verified successfully”);

}

// Clicking On Logout Button

driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=’header’]/u l/li[3]/a”)).click();

//Close the current Firefox Browser driver.close();

}

}

SELENIUM | BROWSER COMMANDS :

1.get() : This will be used to navigate the application url

Syntax : driver.get(“appURL”);

2.getTitle() : This will be used to get the title of the current Webpage.

Syntax : driver.getTitle();

3.findElement() : By using this we can identify single webelement On a webpage.

Ex: Button, checkbox, radio button etc.

Syntax : driver.findElement(By.Locator(“Locator-Value”));

4.findElements() : By using this we can identify list of webelements On a webpage.

Ex :

  1. Suppose if you want to identify dropdown values at a time then we use findElements method.
  2. Suppose if you want to identify list of frames in a webpage then we use findElements method.
  3. Suppose if you want to identify list of links in a webpage then we use findElements method.

Syntax :

List<WebElement> total_Links = driver.findElements(By.tagName(“a”));

5.sendKeys() : If you want to give the value to the input field(textbox,text area) then we use sendkeys method.

Syntax :

driver.findElement(By.locator(“locator-value”)).sendKeys(“text”);

6.getText() : If you want to get the particular text in a webpage then we use getText method.

Syntax :

String PageText=driver.findElement(By.Locator(“Locator-value”)).getText();

7.click() :Is there any click operation in your application then we use click().

Syntax :

driver.findElement(By.Locator(“Locator-value”)).click();

8.close() : This will be used to close the current browser window.

Syntax : driver.close();

Important Interview Questions :

1. How to Identify WebElement in selenium webdriver?

A )By using firebug and firepath we can Identify

WebElement.

2. Can we use firebug and firepath for chrome and Ie?

No,

1.Here firebug and firepath these two add-ons only for firefox.

2.Suppose if u want to identify the WebElement In chrome and ie here no need to install firebug and firepath. Becoz chrome and ie have its won developer tool to identify the web element.

3. What is the default package of selenium?

  1. org.openqa.selenium

4. What is the difference between findElement() and findElements()?Find ElementsfindElement() :

By using this we can identify single webelement On a webpage.

Ex : Button, checkbox,radio button etc.

Syntax : driver.findElement(By.Locator(“Locator-Value”));

TestSteps :

  • open the firefox browser
  • navigate the application url Enter the username
  • Close the current Firefox Browser

Selenium Program :

package seleniumProject;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class findElementMethod {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Interrupted Exception {

// open the firefox browser

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

// navigate the application url

driver.get(“http://www.kosmiktechnologies.com/se leniumLiveProject/eKart/admin/”);

// Enter the username

driver.findElement(By.name(“username”)).sendKeys (“Kadmin”);

//Close the current Firefox Browser

driver.close()

}

}

findElements() : By using this we can identify list of webelements On a webpage.

Ex :

  • Suppose if you want to identify dropdown values at a time then we use findElements method.
  • Suppose if you want to identify list of frames in a webpage then we use findElements method.
  • Suppose if you want to identify list of links in a webpage then we use findElements method.

Syntax :

List<WebElement> total_Links = driver.findElements(By.tagName(“a”));

TestSteps :

  • open the firefox browser
  • navigate the application url
  • Identify all the links and store into total_Links variable Print the total Links on a webpage
  • Close the current Firefox Browser

Selenium Program :

package seleniumProject;

import java.util.List;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;

import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class findElementsMethod {

public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {

// open the firefox browser

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

// navigate the application url

driver.get(“http://www.kosmiktechnologies.com/se leniumLiveProject/eKart/admin/”);

//Identify all the links and store into total_Links variable

List<WebElement> total_Links = driver.findElements(By.tagName(“a”));

//Print the total Links on a webpage

System.out.println(total_Links.size());

//Close the current Firefox Browser

driver.close();

}

}

5.How to verify particular text on a webpage using selenium webdriver?  (Or) How to verify successful message on a webpage using selenium webdriver?

TestSteps :

  • open the firefox browser
  • navigate the application url Enter the username
  • Enter the password
  • Clicking On Login Button
  • Identify and get the Dashboard Text Print the Dashboard Text
  • To verify whether the welcome page successfully opened or not Clicking On Logout Button
  • Close the current Firefox Browser

Selenium Program :

package seleniumProject;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class SampleClass {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Interrupted Exception {

// open the firefox browser

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

// navigate the application url

driver.get(“http://www.kosmiktechnologies.com/se leniumLiveProject/eKart/admin/”);

// Enter the username

driver.findElement(By.name(“username”)).sendKeys (“Kadmin”);

// Enter the password

driver.findElement(By.name(“password”)).sendKeys (“K@admin”);

// Clicking On Login Button

driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=’content’]/

div/div/div/div/div[2]/form/div[3]/button”)).click();

// Identify and get the Dashboard Text

String text =

driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=’content’]/ div[1]/div/h1”)).getText();

// Print the Dashboard Text

System.out.println(text);

//To verify whether the welcome page successfully opened or not

if (text.equals(“Dashboard”))

{

System.out.println(“Text matched”);

} else {

System.out.println(“Text notmatched”);

}

// Clicking On Logout Button

driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=’header’]/u l/li[3]/a”)).click();

//Close the current Firefox Browser

driver.close();

}

}

Control statements :

Syntax :

If(Actual_value.equals(Expected_value))

{

//Execute the code if condition is true

}else

{

//Execute the code if condition is false

}

Actual_value : Take the text from Testing Application.

Expected_value : client requirement

6.Difference between close() and quit() in selenium webdriver ?
Driver.close() :

By using this we can close the current browser window.

I.e Single window on which driver is having focus that will be closed only

Difference between close() and quit() in selenium webdriver

Driver.quit() : Every associated browser will be closed

I.e closed all the windows opened by the driver.

7. What is the purpose of public static void main() in java ?

public :

Since main() should be available to JVM. It should be declared as public.I f we don’t use main() as a public then it doesn’t make itself available to JVM and JVM cannot execute it.

Static :

We should be call the main() without creating an object, such methods are called static methods and we should be declared as static.

Void :

If main() it does not written any value then you have to put void(no value) before the main().

main():

If main() is not written in the java program then JVM will not execute the program.main() is the starting point for JVM to start execution of java.

What are the pre-requisites to run the selenium web driver?
  1. JDK 8
  1. Eclipse IDE
  1. Selenium JAR file
  1. Testing Application
  1. Browser (Firefox 53.0)
  1. Firebug
  1. Firepath

How to handle frame in selenium webdriver using java

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